White fir wood
Undifferentiated cream white timber. Large and hard knots, devoid of resin canals and with evident annual rings. Medium texture, straight and regular grain, low hardness, low impact resistance, moderate shrinkage, easy seasoning and processing (if with few knots and without compression wood), joints with nails or screws are not very durable, while gluing and the painting is done easily. The durability is low, as it is easily attacked by rot and woodworms if not treated, and it is not very permeable to preservatives. Less valuable than spruce, it is used for ordinary furniture, building beams, flooring boards (parquet) and shipbuilding (once used for ship masts), not suitable for window frames. Present in Tuscany in some relict woods of the
Spruce wood *
Undifferentiated cream white wood, with the presence of resin canals (which can give rise to pockets included in the fabrics) and evident annual rings, sometimes wavy: in this case it is sought after for musical instruments. Fine texture, straight and regular grain, low hardness, low impact resistance, moderate shrinkage, quick and easy curing, easy processing, glues and dyes easily, but does not hold nails well, moves little with varying humidity, attackable by rot and woodworms if not treated, not very permeable to preservatives. The spruce, compared to the silver fir, is more valuable, lighter, more elastic, easier to work with and also more durable if kept dry. Used for ordinary furniture, cabinet making, musical instruments, packing cases, matches, not suitable for window frames. Wood fibers are woven to make mats; the bark, rich in tannin, is used for the tanning of the hides; by carving the trunk, the “pitch of Burgundy” is extracted, used for ointments for chilblains; the buds contain an essential oil used for bubble baths and sports massage. Spontaneous in the alpine areas, it is also found in gardens as a recovery of Christmas trees.
Field Maple Wood *
Wood not clearly differentiated, of a pinkish white or light pink color, with rings that are not evident and appreciated aesthetic effects (marbling), becomes shiny if polished. Fine texture, wavy fiber at the base of the stems, medium heaviness, but heavier than the other maples, hard, medium compact, homogeneous, elastic, good mechanical characteristics, high shrinkage and subject to embarking, but easy to work, easily attacked by rot and from woodworms if not treated. Generally destined for the production of firewood, it can sometimes have interesting sizes such as work wood for the production of small objects such as handles, tools, games, rifle butts. The pieces with wavy grain and without other defects can be used in lutherie for the realization of the backs of the bowed instruments, while the briar is used for pipes. Shrub or small tree widespread in the woods and scrublands.